Corsets to Wonderbras: Fashion museum takes on lingerie

NEW YORK – From a 1770 corset to a 2014 bra-and-panty set in lacy stretch silk, the Museum at the Fashion Institute of Technology has put the focus on lingerie and ladies foundation garments in a new exhibition.

In about 70 pieces, “Exposed: A History of Lingerie” touches on the mechanics, marketing and cultural touchstones — hello Wonderbra! — that not only shape and adorn but also helped define culture around the globe.

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The exhibition, which spans the 1760s to present day, opened June 3 and runs through Nov. 15. A companion book will be released by Yale University Press this summer.

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THE CORSET’S RISE AND FALL

The corset’s profile was first upped in the late Renaissance and remained popular in many forms through the early 20th century.

“It was a pretty essential element of fashionable dress for about 400 years,” said assistant curator Colleen Hill, who organized the exhibit.

The corset, which originated within aristocratic court culture and gradually spread throughout society, was all about a slender waist, she said. By the mid-18th century, the desired silhouette was an inverted cone, lifting the breasts with the help of stays crafted out of silk, whalebone or wood.

Decorative centre busks were carved, painted and adorned with text or years. They were key in thrusting a woman’s posture upright to make the most of the shape the corset was intended to achieve, Hill said.

By the early 19th century, the corset still included a centre busk but lacked all-around stays for a more softly structured fit that still encased the body and kept a woman’s posture erect.

“It was important for women to have this correct posture,” Hill said. “It was essential for fitting into your clothes, for decorum and for modesty.”

At the dawn of the 20th century, some corset makers continued to promote their wares as “healthy style,” but the designs remained “extremely restricting,” she said. Certain designs made a woman appear rigidly straight in front while resulting in a severely arched back.

By 1920, the corset had essentially become a girdle.

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THE PEIGNOIR AND LOUNGEWEAR

One late 19th-century article discovered by Hill said American women wore loungewear with a corset underneath while doing morning household chores or preparing for their day.

The corset under a peignoir “is something French women did not do,” she said. “I thought that was very interesting because some of these garments were meant to essentially be a reprieve from these really constricting foundation garments like the corset.”

By the early 20th century, Hill said, loungewear served more functions. The tea gown developed from the peignoir or dressing gown and was worn during 5 o’clock tea.

“It was something that a woman could wear within her home but you would greet your guests at home for tea in this garment, so you still wanted something really fashionable, as luxurious as you could afford, but it was something that could be worn without a corset. We don’t see tea gowns today.”

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SEDUCTION AND EROTICISM

The British company Agent Provocateur, founded in 1994 by Joseph Corre, the son of Vivienne Westwood, and his now ex-wife, Serena Rees, represents a turning point in lingerie’s modern history, Hill said. They opened their first boutique in 1996.

“They were selling lingerie that was highly eroticized, things that were high end and beautifully made, so they’re classy yet they’re taking a cue from things like the old Frederick’s of Hollywood catalogues that are just really overtly erotic,” she said.

The evocative nature combined with high-end craftsmanship offered by Agent Provocateur led to a greater acceptance of eroticized undergarments and lingerie, Hill said. The company now operates boutiques around the world.

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THE WONDERBRA

Pre-Wonderbra, women looking for some help in the bust department relied on “gay deceivers,” an early 20th-century euphemism for falsies that could be placed inside bras, Hill said.

“Even some corsets from the 19th century have these kind of falsies built into them, so the idea of augmenting your natural breast size in some way is very old and probably impossible to trace all the way back,” she said.

Enter the Wonderbra, with its plunge, padding and pushup via underwire. According to some reports, the name was first trademarked in the U.S. in 1955 but came out of Canada in 1939 as developed by Moses Nadler, founder of a corset company. It wasn’t until the early 1990s that the Wonderbra really took off, Hill said.

Sales were driven by a 1994 ad campaign that featured smiling model Eva Herzigova looking down at her breasts in a Wonderbra with the tagline: “Hello Boys.” The popularity of the ad, including billboards, sent sales skyrocketing. At one point demand exceeded supplies, Hill said.

“There’s an urban legend that when people saw these billboards on the street they would literally cause traffic accidents,” she said.

©2014The Associated Press

Horwath tries to reclaim Jack Layton’s legacy in final days of campaign – Toronto

Watch above: Why the Ontario NDP is fighting back against a call for strategic voting. Jackson Proskow reports. 

TORONTO – Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath aligned her campaign Monday with the federal New Democrats, invoking the late Jack Layton’s legacy as another former party leader came to her defence following an attack from the Liberal premier.

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Horwath shot back at Premier Kathleen Wynne while standing in front of a memorial statue of Layton, who led the federal party to a massive surge in support and official Opposition status in the last national election.

Wynne used Layton’s name over the weekend to slam Horwath for refusing to rule out propping up a Tory-led minority government. Horwath, whose party has been a consistent third in the polls during this provincial campaign, said the Liberals want voters to forget that Layton would have stood against their scandal-ridden government.

“Ms. Wynne likes to talk a lot about great NDP leaders, but I can tell you the same people like Jack Layton that she talks about fought Liberal corruption all his life,” Horwath said Monday.

“Jack fought the same battle that I’m fighting today and that’s why I’m standing in front of this memorial to remember, to remind people exactly what Liberals are like.”

Wynne launched a direct appeal on Sunday to New Democrat voters, telling them that a vote for Horwath is a vote for Progressive Conservative Leader Tim Hudak because only the Liberals have a chance at beating him on Thursday, when Ontario voters go to the polls.

READ MORE: Party leaders prepare for final stretch of campaigning

“That is how far the NDP has fallen – it’s not the party that it was,” Wynne said. “It’s not the party of Jack Layton. It’s not the party of Ed Broadbent. It’s not the party of Stephen Lewis.”

A group of 34 current and former New Democrats, some well-known within the party, wrote an open letter earlier in the campaign, wondering if Horwath had “given up” on progressive voters by not supporting a left-wing-friendly Liberal budget and saying they are considering not voting NDP. But Broadbent was quick to fire back at Wynne.

“Partisan debate is one thing, but by invoking my name in weekend speeches and articles to attack Andrea Horwath and the Ontario NDP, Kathleen Wynne has gone beyond the pale,” he said Monday in a brief statement.

“Let no one doubt: I fully support Andrea Horwath and the Ontario NDP.”

Ed Broadbent, a former leader of the federal NDP at the 2012 leadership convention

Global News

It’s not uncommon for federal parties to help their provincial cousins in election campaigns – federal Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau has campaigned with Wynne and Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird has appeared on the campaign trail for Hudak.

Federal NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair has only appeared with Horwath at a private campaign event, which the NDP says is a result of scheduling conflicts.

Horwath said Wynne is using Layton’s name to distract voters.

“They want you to forget about their corruption. They want to forget about the billions of dollars of your money that they wasted,” Horwath said.

“Kathleen Wynne likes to talk a lot about great NDP leaders, but she cannot even stand in their shadows.”

Though Horwath said she could not support Hudak’s plan to cut 100,000 public sector jobs, nor would she support “corrupt” Liberals, she didn’t explicitly rule out propping up either party if it wins a minority government.

In Depth: Ontario Election 2014

“I’m running to be the premier of this province,” she said when asked if she would be part of a coalition government. “I’m going to respect the people’s decision on Thursday, but I can tell you for sure I will not support 100,000 families being kicked to the curb and I will not support corrupt Liberals.”

Horwath did prop up the Liberals for years, and on Monday defended that support.

“I respected the decision that people made in their last election campaign that we had here in Ontario,” she said. “People voted for a minority parliament and I worked very, very hard to make that parliament deliver results for them and I’m proud of that work.”

She ultimately decided to pull the plug, triggering the election, due to scandals such as the cancellation of two gas plants, which is estimated to have cost taxpayers up to $1.1 billion.

Tuesday June 10th on The Morning News – Halifax

The three Mounties who were killed in Moncton last week will be remembered in a regimental funeral on Tuesday and the Morning News will have extensive coverage. We’ll have live reporter updates throughout the morning from Moncton along with a look at how the rest of the Maritimes will also be remembering the fallen officers.

Maybe you picked up a gem over the weekend during the Curbside Giveaway – but now, you’re wondering what to do with it! The folks at the Habitat for Humanity ReStore are experts at giving old things new life. At 6:45 we’ll be joined by a member of the team who will give us some tips and tricks to rethink our garbage.

Bringing home a new puppy or kitten is an exciting and rewarding experience that will provide hours of laughter and fun. But but along with the joy and responsibility also comes the expense of pet ownership.  At 7:45 we’ll talk with our Money Sense Expert Leanne Salyzyn to find out more about how to plan financially for adding a pet to your family.

The quest to find Canada’s best comfort food is heading to the south shore of Nova Scotia. This week the Food Network program “You Gotta Eat Here” will feature a popular restaurant from the historic town of Lunenburg. At 8:15 we’ll talk with the people with the Salt Shaker Deli.

At 8:45 Tim Russesco will be by from The Downtown Dartmouth Business Comission to talk about a great event happening this Sunday. Switch Dartmouth is an event that will allow you to experience the city in a whole new way. Switch will open the streets to allow people to walk, jog, cycle, and enjoy!!

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Major road construction projects around Transcona leave some feeling boxed in – Winnipeg

WINNIPEG – Three construction projects in the Transcona area are leaving some with a commuter headache.

“Sometimes you do feel trapped, trying to get out, trying to cross this road,” Beth Ryan said Monday.

Dugald Road from Bates Avenue to Plessis Road is currently under construction, as is 200 metres of Plessis, part of the $77-million Plessis underpass project.

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Two lanes of the Nairn overpass will be of commission starting Friday, leaving only one lane in each direction open, with construction and rehabilitation work expected to last until November.

Lester Deane, the city’s manager of engineering, said the multiple projects won’t interfere with one another.

“I would suggest the distance between the Nairn project and the Plessis project are such that I don’t think they are going to affect each other in a big way.”

But motorists said they already are.

“It’s really creating a problem for us, that’s for sure. We have a business in Transcona and it’s affecting us greatly,” one driver told Global News.

“It takes forever to get out of Transcona,” said another.

The shutdowns are forcing people to take alternate routes. Some are taking major streets, like Regent Avenue, while others are taking back roads, near Bernie Wolfe School.

“I do have to take Regent, a different route home, instead of going straight south from here,” Carl Kennedy said.

In an effort to curb speeding in residential areas, the city placed speed bumps near the school, and marked the speed zone at 30 kilometres per hour.

Still, some residents aren’t convinced it’s the best solution.

“I have noticed that people slow down, speed up till they hit the next speed bump,”  Beth Ryan said.

Those who live in the area will be dealing with traffic for a while.  The Plessis underpass isn’t expected to open until September 2015.

Community mailboxes broken into in Langley: Residents’ identities stolen – BC

VANCOUVER – A quiet Langley neighbourhood is living through a nightmare that could happen to anyone with a community mailbox.

Thieves have broken into their mailbox, stealing people’s identities and racking up huge credit card charges.

Even a city councillor who took the issue to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities has been victimized.

The mailbox has been broken into more than six times in the last few months with the thieves stealing people’s identities and charging about $100,000 to credit cards.

Residents say their email accounts have also been hacked and some have had to change their phone numbers.

“I’ve had some mail theft,” said Langley Township councillor Steve Ferguson. “I’ve had to change my credit cards, I’ve had to watch, I’ve had to make sure I rush to the mail right away as many residents do to make sure that nobody’s going to rip me off from my mail.”

“And people throughout this country really really care about their mail system.”

– With files from John Daly.

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Calgary homeowners oppose controversial flood zone bylaw – Calgary

CALGARY- City council spent much of Monday debating a bylaw change that would have required some homeowners to move electrical panels, furnaces and hot water tanks out of their basements.

In the end, councillors approved a watered-down version of the bylaw.

The rule change will apply to homes in the city’s floodway and flood fringe.

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Scott Laird and his family are waiting for the end of this year’s flood season before rebuilding the basement of their Rideau Park home. Laird says it would cost $11,000 to move the electrical panel to the main floor.

He adds the home’s two furnaces have already been replaced and says moving them would be extremely expensive.

“I can’t even visualize a way that this can be done.”

Many councillors agree – they decided moving the furnace will only be necessary if a renovation or addition accounts for more than 75 per cent of the size of a home.

The majority of councillors support moving the electrical panels.

However, that wouldn’t be required if basements are being repaired to their pre-flood condition.

“How do we make our city more resilient? How do we make communities more resilient in the future and not destroy people’s property values?” asks Councillor Druh Farrell. “So it’s a matter of the timing of the measures and how aggressive we want to be.”

As Laird keeps a close eye on the rivers, he’s confident he won’t need to make any changes since he’s not enlarging his basement.

“I think the timing is bad. We’re still recovering, everyone that was affected, and you don’t need another issue thrown at you at this point.”

Promises of shorter commutes with $116M in bridge funding – Saskatoon

Watch above: the city of bridges could soon be adding another span

SASKATOON – Be prepared for shorter commute times after a major multimillion dollar funding announcement Monday in the Bridge City.

The federal and provincial governments pledged $116 million in funding towards a new bridge in Saskatoon’s north end and the replacement of the 107-year-old Traffic Bridge.

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“It came through the P3 system as a paired offering, I think it was very important as the mayor rightly points to the other bridges downtown are going to need some work over time, that means there’s going to be restrictions so by reinventing the Victoria Bridge first that gives them that safety valve to do the repairs on the other bridges,” said Gerry Ritz, federal minister of agriculture and Agri-Food.

This will mark the fourth P3 Canada Fund Project in the province, with the federal government committing up to $66 million to the project and the provincial government contributing $50 million for the North Commuter Parkway Bridge.

“It’s a quarter of a billion dollar project here and if we were going to try to finance it conventionally without a P3 we wouldn’t be announcing this, governments don’t have those kind of resources, these are huge long-term infrastructure projects and we need to finances them over the long-term but we’ll do that with our share, our share will be financed with $50 million dollars,” said Premier Brad Wall.

Forty thousand commuters are projected to use the North Commuter Parkway Bridge every day, with  12,000 on the Traffic Bridge. Once open, traffic congestion will be reduced and travel times shortened.

Wall said it’s a challenge, but a welcomed one, citing that 9,000 newcomers have moved to Saskatchewan in a short period of time at rates nine times the average prior to the province’s growth period.

“Mayor Atch, he’s formidable. Don’t get between this man and bridge, he’s been pressing us on the issue and together with our MLA’s from the area, we also understand that these are the challenges of growth,” said Wall.

The total estimated price tag of the projects is $250 million dollars and at this time, there are few details as to where the additional monies will come from.

“The city will in fact be dealing with the proponents of that, that will come forward in the future and we’ll work that all out under the P3 scenario,” said Mayor Don Atchison.

One contractor will be awarded the work for both bridges and although press documents indicated the bridges will be built over three construction seasons, Atchinson wouldn’t commit to an exact time frame.

“Ideally as soon as possible, I can’t give you a date on that because the RFQ, RFP’s all have to go out yet but as soon as we can get them open that will be wonderful,” said the mayor.

The North Commuter Parkway Bridge will link the Marquis industrial area with the University Heights area by extending Marquis Drive across the river and connecting to McOrmond Drive at Fedoruk Drive.

According to the mayor, once the bridges are complete, the North Commuter Parkway Bridge will be six lanes across. The Traffic Bridge will be two modern lanes that will be able to handle both transit and emergency crews.

Muslim cab driver ticketed for religious garb fights U.S. city’s wardrobe rules – National

ST. LOUIS – An Islamic cab driver in St. Louis is challenging the regional taxi commission’s wardrobe rules in court after receiving dozens of tickets for wearing traditional religious clothing.

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Raja Naeem, 50, is a native of Pakistan who immigrated to the United States two decades ago and now lives in the St. Louis suburb of Manchester. He says his religious beliefs require him to wear a traditional head covering known as a kufi, a billowy shirt called a kurta and loose-fitting pants rather than the Metropolitan Taxicab Commission’s mandated uniform of black slacks and a white, button-down shirt.

He sued the taxi commission in St. Louis Circuit Court, alleging harassment and retaliation based on his religious views – including an arrest at Lambert-St Louis International Airport. On Monday, the two sides squared off in a case Circuit Judge Robert Dierker Jr. took under advisement without issuing a ruling.

“I want to practice my religion as well as provide for my family,” Naeem, a father of four daughters, said in an interview after the hearing.

Attorney Neil Bruntrager, who represents the taxi commission, said the regulatory agency has tried to accommodate Naeem’s ideology while still enforcing its wardrobe rules, which he said were created to help passengers clearly identify approved taxi drivers.

Bruntrager noted that the commission offered a compromise that would have allowed Naeem to wear a kurta as long as it was white and didn’t extend below thigh length. The commission agreed that he could wear the kufi on his head but said his pants must be black rather than the white leg coverings Naeem favours in tribute to the prophet Muhammad.

“All the tickets had nothing to do with him wearing (religious) clothing,” Bruntrager said in court. “It was the colour requirements … Inherent in all this is the idea of easy recognition.”

Drew Baebler, Naeem’s attorney, said the taxi commission overstepped its authority when it interviewed Naeem’s imam about his religious views in an effort to resolve the dispute. He also noted that the commission allows drivers to wear sports jerseys when teams such as the St. Louis Cardinals and St. Louis Blues make the playoffs.

©2014The Canadian Press

Dangerous ‘Cardiff Corner’ getting traffic safety upgrades – Edmonton

EDMONTON – A dangerous intersection north of Edmonton will see some major upgrades completed by September.

The intersection of Cardiff Road and Highway 2 near Morinville is getting traffic lights, guard rails, and street lights to improve safety.

The speed limit is also being lowered from 100 km/h to 80 km/h.

The project will cost the province about $1 million.

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In November 2013, after a meeting between then-Transportation Minister Ric McIver, MLA Maureen Kubinec, and representatives from Sturgeon County and the Town of Morinville, the government announced it would be making improvements to the intersection.

READ MORE: Highway 2’s Cardiff Road intersection to get new signals 

Construction will begin this spring and is expected to be done by September.

In the summer of 2011, the province announced a $38 million interchange to improve the intersection, but following March’s provincial budget, the Highway 2 overpass project was put on hold.

Donating money? How to choose the right charity – Toronto

TORONTO – Canadians are generous: People around the country donate approximately $15 billion to charity each year.

However many people don’t know how much of the donation is going to the intended cause, according to an organization that tracks the finances of registered charities.

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“The most important thing is what is the change the charity is able to bring about,”  said Greg Thomson, research director at Charity Intelligence Canada. “If, however, it is costing them 40 cents on a dollar to raise the funds then they don’t have their donors best interests in mind.”

Charity Intelligence Canada is a private watchdog group that tries to help Canadians make decisions about which charities to choose. It analyzed the financial records of more than 450 Canadian registered charities and found many spend quite a bit of money on fundraising and administration.

For example, The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society of Canada spent 35 per cent of their donations on fundraising in 2013, a drop from 37.7 per cent in 2012. However, the charity’s administration costs last year saw an increase of 0.2 per cent to 7.7 per cent as compared to the year before. In comparison, the Terry Fox Foundation allocated more than 82 per cent of all donations to cancer research.

But Toronto lawyer Mark Blumberg, who specializes in charity law, says you can’t judge a charity’s value entirely based on the bottom line.

“In some cases, some groups are being a bit deceptive,” said Blumberg, who says some charities don’t declare the full value of administrative costs when filling out required forms with the Canada Revenue Agency.

“I wouldn’t rely on the information charities file with the Canada Revenue Agency as being the Gospel truth.  In some cases it may be accurate in other cases it may be less so.”

He says donors ought to do their research and confine their donations to fewer, rather than more charities.

Greg Thomson of Charity Intelligence agrees that Canadians shouldn’t feel pressured to make donations on the spot without doing some checking first.

“The key is to find a charity you are passionate about and is able to demonstrate to you they are making a difference.”

Nearly half of B.C. parents with children in school support teachers: poll – BC

A poll commissioned by Global News reveals nearly half of B.C. adults who have children in school support teachers in the ongoing labour dispute between the B.C. Teachers’ Federation and B.C. government.

Twenty-five per cent support the B.C. government and 24 per cent support neither side.

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Overall, slightly more British Columbians support teachers (44 per cent) than government (31 per cent) with 22 per cent supporting neither side.

These numbers are nearly on par with the poll conducted in May that showed 41 per cent of people supported the teachers in this dispute, with 30 per cent backing the B.C. government.

When it comes to wage demands, most respondents (43 per cent) want both sides to compromise on wage negotiations, while one third (36 per cent) say teachers are asking for too much money. Twenty-one per cent say the government offer is too low.

Respondents were also polled on the class size and composition issue.

They were asked how they feel about the province challenging the court’s decision ordering it to restore past class size and composition standards and funding.

In January, a B.C. Supreme Court judge ruled that legislation introduced in 2012 that removed class size and composition from contract negotiations was unconstitutional and awarded the teachers’ union $2 million.

The ruling ordered that class size limits, maximums on the number of special needs students and specialist teacher staffing levels be restored to what they were in 2002, when the teachers’ union first launched a court challenge.

The B.C. government went on to appeal the ruling, saying it could cost one billion dollars to implement the terms of the ruling.

Nearly two-thirds (62 per cent) of all respondents say the B.C. government should “fund the education system in the way the court has ruled”.

This opinion increases to 66 per cent among parents of children in public school.

But, 38 per cent of respondents say the “B.C. government is right to appeal the court decision and there is no way taxpayers should pay so much to meet these former standards.”

Among parents, this opinion declines to 34 per cent.

The Angus Reid poll conducted in May asked B.C. parents about the potential impact of the labour dispute on them.

Sixty-two per cent of parents said they thought the job action had an impact, but that they managed around it and 17 per cent  said the dispute had a major impact on them.

Two weeks later, fewer parents (53 per cent) say they’ve actually experienced an impact, while 19 per cent report a major impact.

Nearly one-third (28 per cent) say they haven’t experienced much of an impact at all. That is up seven per cent from May.

The online survey was conducted among 804 randomly selected B.C. adults on June 6 and 7.

A probability sample of this size carries a margin of error of +/- 3.5 per cent, 19 times out of 20.

Rare mushrooms turning a big profit for Burlington farm – Toronto

When you walk inside the Enviro Mushroom Farm in Burlington, it looks like a massive science experiment.

In one room, a staff member is dressed in a white lab coat with his hair and face covered. He is working inside an enclosure transferring liquid from a petri dish to a flask.

He is growing mushrooms but not the average white button mushroom. Instead he is growing King Oyster, Enoki and Cinnamon Caps among others.

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“King Oysters are very tasty,” Anna Sung, an employee at Enviro Mushroom Farm said. “Even kids like these mushrooms. They think it is not mushroom.”

It’s fungus. But it’s been a gold mine for producers.

“When we started in 2001, the revenue was about $500-thousand. But it has grown to almost $8-million now,” Sung said.

But the rare mushrooms are expensive: they can cost up to 30 times more than a basic mushroom.

But foodies and new Canadians are buying them.

“The specialty mushroom have become sort of a gourmet thing right now,” Maureen Atkinson, a global retail advisor with JC Williams Group, said.

“All of the retailers are looking for those kinds of products because the margins in food is very low, and so it’s those unique products that are not as competitive,” says Atkinson

So why do the mushrooms cost more? Producers say a lot of it has to do with production. Global News got to tour the Burlington farm. The entire farm, from the incubating room to the germination room, the growing room and the packing room is controlled and clean. The air, water and temperatures are all controlled so the mushrooms can grow in ideal conditions and stay fresh.

“It’s an environment, that we have to grow this King Oyster, which is very special and therefore requires a lot of cost,” Sung said.

I am not a mushroom fan. I don’t like the texture and I’m not really fond of the taste. But Sung tells me the taste will help explain the cost too.

The last stop in our tour is a kitchen. A staff member is frying up the different varieties of mushrooms. I try all of them – After all I have to see what all the fuss is about. I have to admit, I wasn’t a fan of all the varieties. But I did go back for seconds.

Employees fired after video surfaces of alleged animal abuse on Chilliwack dairy farm

WATCH: The B.C. SPCA is pushing for animal cruelty charges after a hidden camera investigation revealed cows being kicked and beaten by staff. Francis Silvaggio reports. GRAPHIC CONTENT WARNING: Viewer discretion is advised.

VANCOUVER – The BC SPCA is recommending charges of animal cruelty against eight former employees from Chilliwack’s Cattle Sales family farm, the largest dairy farm in Canada.

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“On June 2, the BC SPCA received an undercover video from the non-profit group Mercy for Animals Canada that showed the employees using chains, canes, rakes, their booted feet and their fists to viciously whip, punch, kick and beat the dairy cows, including downed and trapped cows who could not escape the abuse,” said Marcie Moriarty, the BC SPCA’s chief prevention and enforcement officer. “We immediately launched an investigation into the case and have recommended Criminal Code charges against the eight employees identified in the video for willfully causing unnecessary pain, suffering and injury to animals.”

The eight employees were originally suspended, pending the results of an investigation, but on Monday night they were fired.

BC SPCA constables visited the farm last week along with one of North America’s most respected dairy cattle experts, veterinarian Dr. James Reynolds, as part of an on-going investigation into the animal management practices of the Chilliwack company. The company, which supplies milk to brands such as Saputo and Dairyland, is currently cooperating with the investigation.

“The images in the undercover video are extremely disturbing and highlight an urgent need for better standards to protect farm animals in B.C. from abuse and neglect,” said Moriarty.

She added that while a Canadian Code of Practice for the care and handling of dairy cattle was published in 2009, she said its requirements have yet to be verified on farms through third-party inspections or adopted into B.C. law.

WATCH: Anna Pippus, director of Mercy for Animals, talks to BC1 anchor Leigh Kjekstad about the video (warning, some of the images may be disturbing for some viewers):

The Chilliwack Cattle Sales family farm is owned by the Kooyman family. They released a statement on Monday about the video and the allegations of animal cruelty. They said they were made aware of the allegations on Friday, June 6.

These allegations are extremely serious and we are devastated by the thought that animals in our care have been harmed.

Animal care is of primary importance on our farm. We have been working with the BC SPCA and regulatory authorities and will continue to do so throughout the investigation. In addition, we will be taking any and all steps necessary to assure that no such incident takes place on our family farm in the future.

These alleged actions in no way reflect the farming and animal care standards practiced by our family or by the dairy industry. As a farming family we are committed to providing the best care for our animals and have zero tolerance for animal abuse.

Dr. David Dykshorn and Dr. Rich Vanderwal of Abbotsford Veterinary Clinic regularly visit the farm and monitor animal health.

“We have had a working relationship with the Kooyman’s for over 20 years and can speak to their integrity and care for their animals,” said Vanderwal and Dykshorn. “Animal abuse is unacceptable on any stage and we actively work with the Kooyman family to ensure the highest level of animal welfare on their farm.”

The BC SPCA would like to see the Canadian Codes of Practice, which set out minimum standards of care for various farm animal species, be incorporated into the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act so that the standards can be enforced. Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have already taken the step of enshrining farm animal care standards into their provincial legislation.

“It is important that producers have clear expectations around standards of care for farm animals and that there is a system in place to monitor and enforce these standards,” said Moriarty.

“The images in the video we received were distressing and clearly unacceptable. British Columbians, including the society’s 80,000 supporters, are increasingly concerned about the treatment of farm animals. We look forward to working with government and industry on solutions to prevent further neglect and abuse among the 100 million farm animals raised in B.C. each year.”

WATCH: Marcie Moriarty speaks to Leigh Kjekstad about the video:

The Vancouver Humane Society said they would like to see random inspections and mandatory video surveillance of livestock operations following this investigation.

VHS spokesperson Leanne McConnachie, who examined the footage, said “individual acts of animal cruelty should be prosecuted to the full extent of the law but the industry must also be held to account for ensuring the humane treatment of animals.”

She also urged consumers to cut their consumption of animal products to reduce the demand for intensive livestock farming.